Ex-Uber Drivers: Should You Drive for Grab, Ryde or Taxi Companies?

uber drivers grab ryde taxi singapore 2018

Eugenia Liew



As an avid rider with absolutely no brand loyalty, the big Uber acquisition by Singapore-based Grab was very worrying. Will I still get promo codes? What happens to all the Uber partner promotions? (Read our thoughts on how commuters are affected.)

Now that the dust has more or less settled (and people have stopped getting angry on forums), let’s turn our attention to the real victims of the acquisition. 

Yup, I’m talking about ex-Uber drivers.

The private car hire scene has been booming in the recent years, and many locals have taken to driving for income. Depending on how much you drive, you can actually earn quite a decent paycheck from driving in Singapore. Some do it full-time, while others drive on the side for extra cash – especially those whose full-time jobs have flexible hours or require them to frequently drive around the island, allowing them to pick up riders along the way.

With the closure of Uber in Singapore, thousands of ex-Uber drivers now need to find another chauffeur-service company to work for.

Can you just “transfer” to Grab? Or, if you really hate Grab, is it worth trying out switching to a taxi? What about this new player Ryde, the newest private car hire service to join the fray?

Comparing things like the driver prerequisites, sign-up procedures, and rental fees, we’ve done the research to weigh the top options ex-Uber drivers have in Singapore.


First, a note about PDVL & TDVL

To drive a private hire vehicle in Singapore, you will need either a Private Hire Car Driver’s Vocational Licence (PDVL) or Taxi Driver’s Vocational Licence (TDVL). These are mandatory licenses for commercial drivers in Singapore, and the licences are valid for 3 years.

TDVL has been in existence for a long time. It was conventionally meant for taxi drivers, but if you have a TDVL, you can also drive a private hire car. PDVL was introduced mid last year to address the surge in Uber and Grab drivers.

If you’re an ex-Uber driver, you should already have either licence. But, if you’re looking to switch from Uber to driving a taxi, you will need to get a TDVL if you don’t have one already.

To get either licence, you need to enroll in a course with Singapore Taxi Academy which offers either a PDVL or TPDVL (a PDVL + TDVL “double degree”).

Vocational Licence PDVL TDVL
What can you drive? Private hire cars Taxis

Private hire cars

Who can apply? Singaporean or PR/Foreigner Singaporean only
Driving qualifications Class 3/3A driver’s licence

Min. 2 years driving experience

Class 3/3A driver’s licence

Min. 1 year driving experience

Any other requirements? Employee of chauffeur-service company Min. 30 years old
Course fees $155.15 $294.25 (TDVL + PDVL)
Course duration 10 hours 25 hours


What options do ex-Uber drivers have?

Uber had their own set of requirements for their drivers, so ex-Uber drivers would already be above age 21, have their PDVL or TDVL and Class 3/3A driver’s licence, and have commercial insurance coverage. Here is a rundown of the other differences:

Requirements Key things to note  
Grab Min 21 years old

Singaporean or PR


Min 2 years driving experience

20% commission

Can drive with own or rental vehicle

Rental fees from $50 per day

Ryde PDVL or TDVL 10% commission

The only company to allow foreigner / work permit holders

No min. age as long as you have a valid PDVL or TDVL

Must drive your own vehicle

Taxi Min 30 years old

Singaporean only


Min 1 year driving experience

Must read & speak English

PR / foreigners not allowed

Criminal record considered during application process

Must rent a taxi to drive

Rental fees $75 – $105 per day


Switching from Uber to Grab

The sign-up procedure is pretty straightforward, and can mostly be done online, except for the 1-hour mandatory training session. It can also be done at the Grab office.

Documents required for application:

  • NRIC
  • Driving Licence
  • Proof of commercial insurance
  • Z10 / Z11 Vehicle Log (for those using their own cars)
  • Bank Information – Name, Account Number and Branch Code
  • PDVL or TDVL

The minimum age and years of experience for Grab drivers is the same as Uber’s. The only difference is that Grab does not allow foreigners, so work permit holders will not be able to apply even if you have successfully obtained your PDVL. As with Uber, Grab allows drivers to either rent a car or drive their own vehicle. Grab is currently the only company with both options for drivers.

If you’re renting a car, you can use the GrabRentals platform. There is also no minimum driving period, which is why many people apply to be drivers to get a “free car” and drive just enough to cover the rental costs, which start at $50 per day. The rental fees are relatively affordable, and even includes commercial insurance coverage and car servicing.

If you’re driving your own vehicle (must be at least 4-door and 1.5l), you would need to convert your vehicle scheme classification to a private hire car. The classification is  Z10 (for sedan cars) or Z11 (for SUVs and MPVs), and costs $100 to convert on ONE.MOTORING. If you used your car to drive for Uber previously, this step should have already been done. You will need to get commercial insurance coverage, and while Grab has partners for it, you are allowed to source for your own.

The bad news is that Grab charges a maximum of 20% commission on your earnings, which is quite high.


Switching from Uber to Ryde

Shortly after Uber’s closure, carpooling app Ryde announced that it’ll be launching a private car hire service in May 2018. The RydeX services began last week (2 May 2018), and it seems to be off to a good start with 5,000 drivers.

To sign up, you just need to download the Ryde app on your smartphone, and submit your documents via the app. There doesn’t seem to be as many requirements for drivers, and you just need the same few documents: A valid PDVL or TDVL, Class 3/3A driving licence, LTA private hire vehicle log, and commercial insurance coverage.

Documents required for application:

  • NRIC
  • Driving Licence
  • Proof of commercial insurance
  • Z10 / Z11 Vehicle Log
  • Letter of Employment (for non-Singaporeans)
  • Bank Information – Name and Account Number
  • PDVL or TDVL

Uber used to allow foreigners (work-permit holders). Currently, Ryde is the only one that allows non-Singaporeans to apply by uploading your Letter of Employment. So if you’re a work permit holder, Ryde is kind of your only option.

Ryde does not have car rental partners, so you will need to drive your own car. Unlike Grab, however, there are no restrictions on the size of your personal car. That’s good news for those driving 1.0l or 1.2l cars which fail Grab’s requirements.

To lure ex-Uber drivers (and all other drivers, really) to join Ryde’s fleet, Ryde is also keeping their cut to only 10% of the RydeX fares. This is half of what Grab is taking, which makes quite a big difference to the driver’s income.

However, it remains to be seen how much you can actually bring in by driving for Ryde. Since it’s such a new platform, expect the user base to be small, and jobs to be few and far between for now.


Switching from Uber to driving taxis

The last option is to become a taxi driver.

If you realised that taxi drivers are mostly uncles and aunties, you’re not imagining it. This is likely because the TDVL requirements are a lot stricter, with the minimum age being bumped up to 30 years old. This immediately eliminates the 20+ year old drivers who are typically classified as high-risk drivers. Only pink-NRIC Singaporeans are allowed too, which means PRs and foreigners can’t apply either.

In addition, drivers must read and speak basic English. You need at least a GCE ‘O’ or ‘N’Level pass in English (Grade D7 and above) or a Level 3 pass in English under the Workplace Literacy (WPL) programme.

After that, you’ll need to sign up with any of the 7 taxi operators in Singapore. Costs like taxi rental fees and commission cuts are unique to the operators, and mostly not published online. Nonetheless, I did some digging, and here’s what I could find.

Taxi operator How to sign up Costs & other things to note
ComfortDelgro and CityCab Interview at the office (bring NRIC, TDVL, and driving licence)

Taxi allocation

Attend Mobile Data Terminal course

Attend Basic Service Training

Upon allocation of taxi:

$32.10 admin fee

$1,000 security deposit (refundable)

SMRT Taxis Call or visit one of the offices (SMRT Taxis at Woodlands Depot or Driver Career Centre (DCC), The Herencia) Taxi rental fee $104 – $137 per day
Trans-Cab Services Interview at the office (bring NRIC, TDVL, and driving licence)

Taxi allocation

Upon allocation of taxi:

$32.10 admin fee

$1,500 security deposit (refundable)

Premier Taxis Complete application form and either mail or drop it off at the office

Wait for recruitment officer to progress application to next stage

No published numbers
Prime Car Rental & Taxi Services Pte Ltd No published sign-up process

Contact [email protected]

No published numbers
HDT Taxi Singapore Pte Ltd Need 5 years driving experience Contact 6715 7868 or [email protected] Fixed salary (not based on fare earnings)

Ex-Uber drivers, what’s your next move? Share your thoughts with us in the comments.

Keep updated with all the news!

Tags: ,

Eugenia Liew

I’m a 90s millennial who’s starting to realise that #adulting is more expensive than it seems on Instagram. When I’m not writing for MoneySmart, I’m usually playing with drain-dwelling stray cats or shopping at Sephora.