Transportation

LTA Active Mobility Act 2018 – Laws for Bikes, E-Bikes, E-Scooters & PMDs

LTA active mobility act bikes scooters pmds

Joanne Poh

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Unless it’s been a while since you last left your batcave, you’ve probably already narrowly escaped death a few times by dodging some guy’s e-scooter just in time as it whizzed down the sidewalk. So, quite predictably, the government has stepped in and imposed a bunch of laws regulating bikes, e-bikes, e-scooters and other personal mobility devices (PMDs).

Why do we need the new Active Mobility Act?

The number of mishaps caused by PMDs has been rising in Singapore. Can’t be that bad, you think… But the numbers are legit shocking – 3 PMD-related accidents a week occur on public roads and paths. A friend working in one of the public hospitals complains that A&E is always filled with e-bike and e-scooter-related cases these days.

What’s more, more and more PMD users are violating road traffic laws. We’ve all seen road cyclists and e-bike riders riding precariously on the roads, I’m sure. This behaviour puts themselves and other road users in danger.

The LTA’s Active Mobility Act, which took effect in May 2018, aims to regulate public paths for walking, cycling or other purposes, including sidewalks, footpaths and cycling tracks. It sets out what you can and cannot do on these public paths.

This means you can’t get away with just a slap on the wrist for running over your neighbour’s spoilt children on your e-scooter, no matter how much you hate ’em.

 

LTA fines and penalties relating to bike / PMD use

So, the question on everyone’s lips is: what can you get fined for? A whole lot, as it turns out. Here’s a long list of offences and fines.

Offence Penalty (new offender) Penalty (repeat offender)
Riding power-assisted bicycle on footpaths $1,000 fine / 3 month jail term / both $2,000 fine / 6 month jail term / both
Riding PMD (eg. kick scooter, e-scooter, hoverboard, unicycle) on roads $2,000 fine / 3 month jail term / both $5,000 fine / 6 month ail term
Speeding (>15km/h on footpaths or >25km/h on shared paths and cycling paths) $1,000 fine / 3 months’ jail / both $2,000 fine / 6 month jail term / both
Not stopping to help accident victims $3,000 fine / one year’s jail / both $5,000 fine / two years’ jail / both
Using non-compliant devices (>20kg weight, >70cm wide, or >25km/h speed) $5,000 fine / 3 month jail term / both $10,000 fine / 6 month jail term / both
Dangerous riding of bicycles, PMDs, and personal mobility aids $5,000 fine / 6 month jail term / both
Not following traffic signals when cycling on road $2,000 fine / 6 month jail term
Not cycling in same direction as flow of traffic $2,000 fine / 6 month jail term
Not switching on front white lights and rear red lights when cycling in the dark $2,000 fine / 6 month jail term
Not cycling in single file on single-lane roads and during bus lane operational hours $2,000 fine / 6 month jail term
Obstructing enforcement officers $5,000 fine / 1 year jail term / both
Providing false information to enforcement officers $5,000 fine / 1 year jail term / both
Impersonating enforcement officers $2,500 fine / 6 month jail term / both

 

Summary of rules for bicycles (non-motorised)

With the popularity of bike-sharing services, there are more casual bike riders everywhere these days. Bike riders also include road cyclists and fatbike enthusiasts, who may be exceeding speed limits or riding non-compliant bikes.

Here are the new guidelines for cyclists to observe:

  • Maximum allowable weight of bicycle is 20kg and maximum width is 70cm
  • Allowed to ride on roads, footpaths and shared paths (eg. park connector networks, cycling paths)
  • Speed limit 15km/h on footpaths, 25km/h on shared paths and roads
  • Follow all traffic signals when cycling on the road
  • Travel in the same direction as the flow of traffic
  • Switch on front white lights and rear red lights in the dark
  • Cycle in a single file on single-lane roads and during bus operational hours. Otherwise, cycling two abreast is allowed.

These are the offences and fines that directly affect (non-motorised) cyclists:

Offence Penalty (new offender) Penalty (repeat offender)
Speeding (>15km/h on footpaths or >25km/h on shared paths and cycling paths) $1,000 fine / 3 months’ jail / both $2,000 fine / 6 month jail term / both
Not stopping to help accident victims $3,000 fine / one year’s jail / both $5,000 fine / two years’ jail / both
Using non-compliant devices (>20kg weight, >70cm wide, or >25km/h speed) $5,000 fine / 3 month jail term / both $10,000 fine / 6 month jail term / both
Dangerous riding of bicycles, PMDs, and personal mobility aids $5,000 fine / 6 month jail term / both
Not following traffic signals when cycling on road $2,000 fine / 6 month jail term
Not cycling in same direction as flow of traffic $2,000 fine / 6 month jail term
Not switching on front white lights and rear red lights when cycling in the dark $2,000 fine / 6 month jail term
Not cycling in single file on single-lane roads and during bus lane operational hours $2,000 fine / 6 month jail term

 

Summary of rules for motorised bicycles (e-bikes)

E-bikes are officially termed power-assisted bicycles or PABs according to the LTA. Basically it just means any kind of bicycle that has a motor to augment leg power. With motorised bikes, it’s very easy to commit an offence, so follow these guidelines closely.

The most important thing to note is that you cannot ride on footpaths – only on bicycle paths, shared paths (e.g. PCNs) or on roads.

  • Maximum allowable weight of power-assisted bicycle is 20kg and maximum width is 70cm
  • Maximum allowable speed of device is 25km/h
  • Allowed to ride on roads and shared paths (eg. park connector networks, cycling paths) but not on footpaths
  • Speed limit 25km/h
  • Follow all traffic signals when cycling on the road
  • Travel in the same direction as the flow of traffic
  • Switch on front white lights and rear red lights in the dark
  • Cycle in a single file on single-lane roads and during bus operational hours. Otherwise, cycling two abreast is allowed.

Offences and fines that directly affect power-assisted bicycles / e-bike riders:

Offence Penalty (new offender) Penalty (repeat offender)
Riding power-assisted bicycle on footpaths $1,000 fine / 3 month jail term / both $2,000 fine / 6 month jail term / both
Speeding (>15km/h on footpaths or >25km/h on shared paths and cycling paths) $1,000 fine / 3 months’ jail / both $2,000 fine / 6 month jail term / both
Not stopping to help accident victims $3,000 fine / one year’s jail / both $5,000 fine / two years’ jail / both
Using non-compliant devices (>20kg weight, >70cm wide, or >25km/h speed) $5,000 fine / 3 month jail term / both $10,000 fine / 6 month jail term / both
Dangerous riding of bicycles, PMDs, and personal mobility aids $5,000 fine / 6 month jail term / both
Not following traffic signals when cycling on road $2,000 fine / 6 month jail term
Not cycling in same direction as flow of traffic $2,000 fine / 6 month jail term
Not switching on front white lights and rear red lights when cycling in the dark $2,000 fine / 6 month jail term
Not cycling in single file on single-lane roads and during bus lane operational hours $2,000 fine / 6 month jail term

 

Summary of rules for PMDs (e-scooters, etc.)

Kick scooters, e-scooters, hoverboards, unicycles and all those random hybrid devices all fall under the umbrella term of personal mobility devices or PMDs.

Apart from making sure your PMD is compliant, the guidelines are simpler – you are not allowed to use them on roads but you can use all other footpaths and shared paths.

  • Maximum allowable weight of PMD is 20kg, maximum width is 70cm, maximum allowable speed of device 25km/h
  • Allowed to ride on footpaths and shared paths (eg. park connector networks, cycling paths) but not on roads
  • Speed limit 15km/h

Here are the offences that directly affect PMD users:

Offence Penalty (new offender) Penalty (repeat offender)
Riding PMD (eg. kick scooter,   e-scooter, hoverboard, unicycle) on roads $2,000 fine / 3 month jail term / both $5,000 fine / 6 month ail term
Speeding (>15km/h on footpaths or >25km/h on shared paths and cycling paths) $1,000 fine / 3 months’ jail / both $2,000 fine / 6 month jail term / both
Not stopping to help accident victims $3,000 fine / one year’s jail / both $5,000 fine / two years’ jail / both
Using non-compliant devices (>20kg weight, >70cm wide, or >25km/h speed) $5,000 fine / 3 month jail term / both $10,000 fine / 6 month jail term / both
Dangerous riding of bicycles, PMDs, and personal mobility aids $5,000 fine / 6 month jail term / both

 

Summary of rules for PMAs (electric wheelchair)

Have you seen those uncles with electric wheelchairs that are all decked out like something out of Initial D? Those are what LTA classifies as personal mobility aids, or PMAs.

While Singapore is trying to be more inclusive towards people with disabilities, they are not immune to these guidelines:

  • Maximum allowable weight of PMA (e.g. electric wheelchair) is 20kg, maximum width is 70cm, maximum allowable speed of device 25km/h
  • Allowed to ride on footpaths and shared paths (eg. park connector networks, cycling paths) but not on roads
  • Speed limit 15km/h

PMAs are not allowed on roads. Apart from that, they are also expected to follow the same rules of good behaviour and compliance as everyone else. Here are the fines that apply:

Offence Penalty (new offender) Penalty (repeat offender)
Speeding (>15km/h on footpaths or >25km/h on shared paths and cycling paths) $1,000 fine / 3 months’ jail / both $2,000 fine / 6 month jail term / both
Not stopping to help accident victims $3,000 fine / one year’s jail / both $5,000 fine / two years’ jail / both
Using non-compliant devices (>20kg weight, >70cm wide, or >25km/h speed) $5,000 fine / 3 month jail term / both $10,000 fine / 6 month jail term / both
Dangerous riding of bicycles, PMDs, and personal mobility aids $5,000 fine / 6 month jail term / both

Bicycles, motorised bicycles and e-scooters are a great way to get around, get you to the nearest MRT station a bit quicker and reduce your reliance on the crowded public transport system. But they should be used with care, otherwise you could find yourself in deep trouble.

Do you use a bike, e-bike or PMD to get around? Share your tips, tricks and experiences in the comments.

 

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Joanne Poh

In my previous life, I was a property lawyer who spent most of my time struggling to get out of bed or stuck in peak hour traffic. These days, as a freelance commercial writer, I work in bed, on the beach, in parks and at cafes, all while being really frugal. I like helping other people save money so they can stop living lives they don't like.