Your Medisave Account In Singapore – How To Make The Most Of It
Every month, a chunk of your salary gets deposited into your CPF Medisave Account. If you’re self-employed, you can’t escape this either as you’re forced to make Medisave contributions every time tax season rolls around. There are no two ways around it—the government says you have to, and so it must be.
But how many of you have actually successfully used your Medisave funds or even know what they can be used for? There’s a good chance that those who are still young and healthy have no clue.
Your Medisave account, as the name suggests, contains money that is set aside to pay healthcare costs.
But that doesn’t mean you can try to pay using Medisave when you’re going to the doctor for an MC because you couldn’t wake up for work. You’re only allowed to tap into your Medisave funds in certain situations, and there are usually limits on how much you can withdraw.
Ultimately, that cash in your Medisave account is your money. So it pays to know when you can use it and how, so you can squeeze as much utility as you can out of every cent you put in.
By the end of this article, you’ll understand what you can use your Medisave on and how to use it.
- What is a Medisave account and where can you find it?
- How much is the Medisave contribution?
- When does money get deposited into your Medisave account?
- How much do you get in Medisave interest?
- What is the Medisave limit and what happens when you exceed it?
- What can you use Medisave for?
- Medisave withdrawal – How to claim?
What is a Medisave Account and where can you find it?
Central Provident Fund (CPF) savings play a huge role in Singapore’s social security system. A set of CPF accounts is opened for every Singapore Citizen and Permanent Resident as follows:
- Ordinary Account (OA): The money in this account can be used to pay for housing, education and certain types of investments. Eventually, the money in this account will be channeled into retirement savings.
- Special Account (SA): The money in this account is saved for retirement, and can also be used for certain types of investments.
- Medisave Account: The money in this account is to be used for healthcare and medical bills, and can also be used to pay premiums for some types of insurance such as private medical insurance.
- Retirement Account (RA): Don’t see a Retirement Account when you log in to CPF? Don’t panic. It’s only when you turn 55 that your OA and SA merge to form your retirement account, with the money to be used as retirement income.
To check the balance in your Medisave account and other CPF accounts, simply log in to the CPF website using your Singpass.
How much is the Medisave contribution?
Every month, a chunk of your salary gets deducted before your boss hands it over to you, and is deposited into your CPF accounts. The bulk of your CPF contributions go into your OA.
|Your age||CPF contribution rates|
|By Employer (% of wage)||By Employee (% of wage)||Total % of wage|
|55 and below||17||20||37|
|Above 55 to 60||13||13||26|
|Above 60 to 65||9||7.5||16.5|
The percentage that gets deducted from your salary is under the “By Employee” section. So if you’re under the age of 55, 20% of your salary gets deducted every month and deposited into your CPF accounts.
That means that if your salary is officially $4,500, $900 (20% x $4,500) of that money will be deducted every month and deposited into your CPF accounts. Your take-home pay will thus be $3,600.
(In case you’re wondering, the figures under the “By Employer” column indicate how much your employer needs to fork out IN ADDITION to your salary and deposit into your CPF accounts. No wonder your boss is always in a foul mood! You’re thus receiving the equivalent of 37% of your salary in your CPF accounts every month if you’re under the age of 55, even though only 20% gets deducted from your salary.)
But what we’re interested in right now is the money in your Medisave Account. So, how much of your salary is going into this account?
|Your age||Allocation rates for monthly wages of $750 and above|
|Ordinary Account (% of wage)||Special Account (% of wage)||Medisave Account (% of wage)|
|35 and below||23||6||8|
|Above 35 to 45||21||7||9|
|Above 45 to 50||19||8||10|
|Above 50 to 55||15||11.5||10.5|
|Above 55 to 60||12||3.5||10.5|
|Above 60 to 65||3.5||2.5||10.5|
You’ll notice an interesting pattern here. As you age, a smaller and smaller percentage of your salary gets deposited in your OA and SA. Conversely, your Medisave contribution actually INCREASES from the age of 35 to 50.
When does money get deposited into your Medisave account?
When your Medisave account gets its contributions depends on your employment situation.
Your employer is required to make the deposit of your CPF contributions, including your Medisave contributions, by the end of each month. You should be able to see your CPF and Medisave contributions reflected in your account balance when you log into the CPF portal soon after.
You are also entitled to late payment interest at a rate of 1.5% for every day after the end of the month your employer is late by.
If your CPF contributions still have not come in by the 14th of the following month (or on the next working day if the 14th is a weekend or public holiday), your employer has defaulted.
If you suspect that your employer has not been making your CPF contributions promptly or is trying to cheat you out of them (as some employers have been found guilty of doing), make sure you remind them and, if they still persist, raise the issue with MOM.
Self-employed people are not required to make contributions to their CPF Ordinary or Special Accounts.
But guess what, Medisave contributions are compulsory so long as you earn more than $6,000 in a year (after deducting all allowable business expenses, capital allowances and trade losses as approved by IRAS).
The Medisave contribution rate for self-employed persons is as follows.
|Below 35 years||35 to below 45 years||45 to below 50 years||50 years and above|
|Above $6,000 to $12,000||4%||4.5%||5%||5.25%|
|Above $12,000 to $18,000||4% to 8%, calculated according to this formula: [[480+0.1600(NTI-12000)]x100/NTI||4.5% to 9% calculated according to this formula: [[540+0.1800(NTI-12000)]x100/NTI||5% to 10% calculated according to this formula: |
|5.25% to 10.5 % |
calculated according to this formula: [[630+0.2100(NTI-12000)]x100/NTI
|Above $18,000||8% |
As you can see, the Medisave contribution rates for self-employed persons earning $18,000 and above per year are the same as those for employees.
To make things simple for you, you can use the CPF Board’s Self-Employed Medisave Contribution Calculator to see exactly how much you need to contribute this year.
Every year during tax season, after filing your taxes, IRAS will send you a Notice of Computation indicating the amount of Medisave contributions you need to make, calculated based on your income and age.
You will then have 30 days to deposit the money into your CPF account. This can be done on your bank’s internet banking website.
How much do you get in Medisave interest?
All the money in your CPF accounts earns interest, but the interest rates vary depending on which account they’re in.
Your Medisave balance currently earns interest at a rate of 4% per annum. This is an extremely good rate, considering it is completely risk-free.
What is the Medisave limit and what happens when you exceed it?
So maybe you’ve got a huge income and actually want to deposit more money into your Medisave account. After all, the 4% risk-free interest rate is very attractive, and since you estimate that your healthcare costs will be much higher when you’re older, why not?
Well, there is actually a maximum amount of money your Medisave Account can contain. That is known as the Basic Healthcare Sum (BHS).
The BHS is adjusted every year in January, and in 2019 is $57,200 for those aged 65 and below. Once you turn 65, your BHS is frozen and no longer rises.
The BHS is the maximum your Medisave Account can contain. If you try to top up your Medisave Account above the BHS, any excess money goes into your Special Account (if you’re under the age of 55) or Retirement Account (if you’re 55 and older). The good news is that like your Medisave Account, your Special/Retirement Account also earns interest at a rate of 4%.
The Basic Healthcare Sum is designed to be a ceiling rather than a floor, so it does not affect how much you can withdraw. Even if you don’t meet the Basic Healthcare Sum, you can still use Medisave for approved purposes, or withdraw your CPF RA savings when you reach the age of 55.
What can you use Medisave for?
So this is the question we all have on our lips. What can we actually use the money in our Medisave accounts for?
Unless otherwise stated, you can use your Medisave money to pay for not just yourself, but also immediate family members.
To learn more, please visit the MOH webpage on Medisave Withdrawal Limits.
Integrated Shield Plans
Even if you are in perfect health, your Medisave funds can still come in handy. You can use yours to buy private medical insurance that can cover payments above what MediShield Life covers, and above what the Medisave withdrawal limits allow.
Integrated Shield Plans are private medical insurance policies that work hand-in-hand with MediShield Life to offer coverage. Your insurance will cover the payments that are not covered by MediShield Life. This is crucial if you intend to use private hospitals or upgrade to B1 and above wards.
You can use Medisave to pay for a portion of your Integrated Shield Plan premiums. The withdrawal limits are as follows:
- $300 if you are no more than 40 years on your next birthday
- $600 if you are 41 to 70 years old on your next birthday
- $900 if you are at least 71 years old on your next birthday
|Inpatient hospitalisation||$450 per day + Surgical limits according to the Table of Surgical Procedures|
|Approved day surgeries||$300 per day + Surgical limits according to the Table of Surgical Procedures|
|Inpatient hospitalisation (for psychiatric treatment)||$150 per day up to $5,000 a year|
|Stay in approved community hospitals||$250 per day up to $5,000 a year|
|Day rehabilitation centres||$25 per day, up to a maximum of $1,500 per year|
|Stay in approved convalescent hospitals||$50 per day, up to a maximum of $3,000 a year|
Medisave can be used to pay medical bills, but the catch is that your condition must be serious enough to warrant a withdrawal. And hospitalisation is one indicator that you’re ill enough.
You must be admitted to the hospital for at least 8 hours to qualify under this category.
There are several types of institutions you can make a withdrawal at, such as the following:
You are allowed up to $450 a day for stays at public hospitals. This sum includes up to $30 for doctor’s daily attendance fees (if your doctor’s attendance fees exceed $30 you’ll need to pay the excess on your own). For psychiatric treatment, your yearly cap is $5,000.
The Medisave withdrawal limits are meant to cover stays in Class B2 and C wards at public hospitals. So if you choose to go private or upgrade to a Class B1 or A ward, your Medisave will not cover the full stay, and you’ll have to top up the difference.
Approved community hospitals
Community hospitals are cheaper than general hospitals, and are usually targeted at patients who are not critically ill, but who might need rehabilitation, such as after a fracture.
You get to use up to $250 a day for daily hospital charges, including $30 for doctor’s daily attendance fees. You’re allowed to claim up to $5,000 a year for stays at community hospitals.
You can also make claims for convalescent hospital stays at a lower withdrawal limit of $50 a day, which includes $30 for doctor’s attendance fee. Your yearly cap for convalescent hospital claims is $3,000.
Stays in psychiatric hospitals are also eligible for claims of up to $150 a day, including up to $50 a day for doctor’s fees. You can claim up to $5,000 a year for stays in psychiatric hospitals.
Approved surgical operations and day surgery
You can make claims for surgical operations regardless of whether you are warded at the hospital overnight or not.
The amount you can claim for the surgical procedure depends on the type and complexity of the operation. This can range anywhere from $250 to $7,550. Be sure to ask your healthcare provider how much of the cost of any surgical procedure you’ll be able to pay for using Medisave.
Getting day surgery and going home right after that? You can still withdraw up to $300 per day for daily hospital charges, including up to $30 for doctor’s daily attendance fees.
Treatment at day hospitals or day rehab centres
If you’re receiving treatment at a day rehab centre or day hospital, you can make a claim even if you’re not technically being warded.
You can claim up to $25 a day for treatment at day rehabilitation centres and a maximum of $1,500 a year.
Your claim limit for treatment at day hospitals is $150 a day, including a maximum of $30 for doctor’s fees, and a max of $3,000 a year.
When you seek outpatient treatment at hospitals, it means you are not warded. Generally, you are not allowed to pay with Medisave when you seek outpatient treatment at hospitals.
BUT, if you are suffering from one of the illnesses approved under the Chronic Disease Management Programme, you can make a claim for outpatient treatment even if you are not hospitalised.
You are entitled to claim up to $400 a year to manage diseases under the Chronic Disease Management Programme, subject to 15% co-payment. When calculating spending limited by the $400 cap, you must also include money spent on vaccinations and mammogram or newborn screening.
Here are the conditions that enable you to make claims for outpatient treatment:
- Lipid disorders
- Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
- Major depression
- Bipolar disorders
- Benign prostatic hyperplasia
- Parkinson’s disease
- Nephrosis or nephritis
- Rheumatoid arthritis
You can also make outpatient claims for the following procedures.
- Outpatient MRI scans, CT scans and other diagnostics for cancer diagnostics– up to $600 per year per patient
- Outpatient scans to treat or diagnose a medical treatment – up to $300 per year per patient
- Assisted Conception Procedures – Lifetime withdrawal limit of $15,000. Withdrawal limit of $6,000 for first cycle, $5,000 for second cycle and $4,000 for third and subsequent cycles.
- Outpatient renal dialysis treatment – up to $450 a month
- Outpatient radiotherapy for cancer – $80 per external therapy treatment, $300 / $360 per brachytherapy treatment with / without external radiotherapy, $30 per superficial x-ray, $2,800 per stereotactic radiotherapy treatment
- Outpatient radiosurgery treatment for cancer
- Outpatient chemotherapy for cancer – up to $1,200 a month per patient
- Outpatient anti-retroviral treatment for HIV patients – $550 per month per patient. The patient is required to use their own Medisave funds for this, unless they are aged 18 and below, in which case they may use their parents’ Medisave funds.
- Outpatient desferral drug and blood transfusion for Thalassaemia – up to $350 per month per patient
- Outpatient hyperbaric oxygen therapy – $100 per treatment cycle
- Outpatient intravenous antibiotic treatment – $600 per weekly cycle, up to $2,400 a year
- Long term oxygen therapy and infant continuous positive airway pressure therapy – Up to $75 per month per patient
- Outpatient immuno-suppressants after organ transplants – $300 per month per patient
- Autologous bone marrow transplant at MOH-approved medical institutions– $2,800 per year per patient
- Flex-Medisave for the elderly – For parents aged 65 and over, you can use up to $200 per year for outpatient treatment at specialist outpatient clinics in public hospitals and national specialty centres, polyclinics and participating CHAS GP clinics.
Are you or a family member expecting? You can withdraw up to $450 for each day in the hospital and up to $900 for pre-delivery medical expenses.
Also, you will be allowed to withdraw an additional $750 for vaginal delivery and up to $2,150 for caesarian delivery.
It doesn’t matter whether you are at a public or private hospital, although if you go over the withdrawal limits you will of course have to foot the remainder of the bill.
Just because you’re not sick doesn’t mean you can’t use your Medisave funds. You can make withdrawals to pay for the following types of screening:
- Mammograms – if you (or an immediate family member for which you will be paying) are a woman aged 50 and above, you can use up to $400 a year for mammograms. Note that this $400 limit also covers money you’ve spent on managing conditions under the Chronic Disease Management Programme, vaccinations and screenings.
- Colonoscopies – for persons aged 50 and above. You can withdraw up to $950 for costs related to the procedure and $300 for related hospital charges if you’re going for fibreoptic screening. If you’re going for fibreoptic screening with removal of polyps, you can claim a maximum of $1,250 to $1,550 for costs related to the procedure and $300 for related hospital charges.
- Selected outpatient screening tests for newborns. Up to $400 can be used, but note that the limit also covers money spent under the Chronic Disease Management Programme, vaccinations and screenings.
Make sure you go to an approved screening centre so your claim will be valid. You can find a list of approved centres for mammograms and colonoscopies here.
You can use Medisave to pay for certain vaccinations. Your withdrawal limit is $400 a year, and this limit includes not just vaccinations but also money spent on screening and treating the illnesses under the Chronic Disease Management Programme.
Here are the approved vaccinations:
- Pneumococcal vaccinations
- HPV (for females between the ages of 9 and 26)
- Hepatitis B
- Measles, Mumps and Rubella
- Tuberculosis (BCG) (for children)
- Diphtheria, Pertussis and Tetanus
- Pneumococcal vaccinations
- Poliomyelitis (for children)
- Haemophilus influenza type B (for children)
End of life care
|Stay in approved hospices||$200 per day|
|Home palliative care/Day hospice care||$2,500 per patient per lifetime |
The $2,500 Medisave lifetime withdrawal limit is shared between home palliative (adults and paediatrics) care and day hospice care. For day hospice and adult home palliative patients diagnosed with terminal cancer or end stage organ failure, there will not be any withdrawal limit if the bill is paid using the patient’s own Medisave Account.
You can withdraw up to $2,500 in a lifetime per patient for day hospice and home palliative care.
And if you’re withdrawing your Medisave funds to use for yourself and not a family member, no withdrawal limit will be imposed on you if you’ve been diagnosed with terminal cancer or end stage organ failure.
Medisave withdrawal – How to claim?
You can make withdrawals from your Medisave account by filling in the Medical Claims Authorisation Form authorising the medical institution to use your Medisave funds to cover your treatment. You must also submit the form if you are using MediShield Life and an Integrated Shield Plan to pay for your treatment.
The good news is that hospitals and other medical institutions will be able to help you with the administrative work. Just tell them you want to use your Medisave/MediShield/Integrated Shield Plan to pay and ask if they can help you with the paperwork.
If you’re tired of filling out the form every single time you want to make Medisave withdrawals, you can submit the Medical Claims Authorisation Form (Multiple Institutions) to authorise the use of Medisave, MediShield Life and your Integrated Shield Plan to be used for current and future medical treatment at all participating institutions, which include most of Singapore’s hospitals, polyclinics as well as the National Cancer/Dental/Heart/Skin/Eye centres.
Have you ever used Medisave to pay for your or a family member’s treatment? Share your experiences in the comments.