Invest

Structured Deposits: Are They a Good Deal?

5911302478_36e0840d54_z

Ryan Ong

0 Comments

0
Shares

Ever since the fall of Lehman Brothers, structured deposits have been the financial world’s equivalent of leprosy. If you’re selling them, no one even wants to inhale near you. But as of 2010, structured deposits have been creeping back into the Singapore market. Banks like UoB and Citibank have made some enticing offers; and public opinion has gone from “lol” to “Umm…maybe”. So, are structured deposits a good deal?

 

How do Structured Deposits Work?

Imagine, for a moment, that you’re watching a high stakes Poker game. Millions of dollars on the table. You’d like to join in, but the only Poker you understand is the sort used in fireplaces. That’s pretty much the relationship between Joe Average and the world of corporate finance: we don’t understand their game.

Now imagine one of the players comes along, and makes you an offer: she can play Poker, but you can’t. So how about you pass her your money, and she’ll play Poker with it. If she wins, you take a cut of the winnings. If she loses, you lose part of your investment. Of course, you have to put your money down till the game is over; no pulling out halfway.

If you say yes to that deal, then you’re ready to buy some structured deposits.

 

Blurred Poker Player
If you add booze to investment banking, it becomes Poker.

 

Not a Standard Deposit

A lot of people are confused by the term “deposit”. These are the differences between structured deposits and typical fixed deposits:

  • Variable Growth – The growth rate of a structured deposit is tied to the performance of a financial instrument. For example, structured deposits tied to a bundle of stocks will pay out more as the stocks rise, and less as the stocks decline. If it’s tied to a company, your payout may vary based on the company’s performance.
  • Variable Maturity – The term of the deposit is not fixed. You may have agreed to put down your money for a year, but the bank may “call” the deposit  before that. In short, a five year structured deposit may not actually last five years.
  • Less Security – Structured deposits are not covered under Singapore’s Deposit Insurance Scheme. In the event the bank collapses, your money is gone. This was what happened with Lehman Brothers. Fixed deposits guarantee your money back (to a limit of $50,000).

Better Return on Investment

Growth wise, a structured deposit is like having a chauffeured Ferrari in a one-legged sack race. A typical structured deposit starts at 1 percent, and potentially grows to double that over the years. Compare it to fixed deposit rates, which tend to stay at 1 percent until maturity.

 

Bulging eyes
Structured deposit returns: While they’re reading, I never know if I should pop the champagne or sedatives bottle.

 

Safer than Stocks

Structured deposits are great for people who want to invest, but don’t understand how. If I were to hit the trading floor and battle it out with brokers, I’d get beaten like a step-child in a fairy tale. With structured deposits, the bank at least guarantees my principal. I mentioned before that a bank can “call” the deposit:

When the underlying financial instrument (whatever the structured deposit is tied to) isn’t doing well, a banker somewhere will freak out. Then the bank will “call” the deposit, and the whole deal is off. In such a situation, I’d at least get my principal back from the bank. It might be safer than playing with stocks myself, where I could lose even more.

 

The Downsides

There’s plenty. But it’s to be expected of any financial product with huge gains:

  • Opportunity Costs – The bank calling a deposit is a huge opportunity cost. If you’ve had your deposit down for two years, and suddenly the bank calls it, that’s two years you could have invested the money elsewhere.
  • No Guarantee on Growth – You may find, upon your structured deposit’s maturity, that the payout isn’t as big as expected.
  • Harder to Start – Structured deposits need bigger initial sums than fixed deposits. On average, you’d need at least $5,000 to even start one.
  • Illiquid – Withdrawing your money before maturity can result in a loss, even to your principal. So if I put down $5,000 for two years, but I choose to withdraw after two months, I might only get back $3000.
  • Complexity – Structured deposits are complicated. The calculations verge on astrophysics. Unless you have a deep understanding of finance (and if you did why wouldn’t you invest on your own?), you’ll just have to trust the bank on the payout.
Hand facing the sunrise
“Your returns are your future. Let’s pretend the sun rises because of this bank.”

Conclusion

Structured deposits can be a great deal, under specific conditions. In particular, make sure the money you invest in it is really spare cash. Structured deposits make for terrible retirement plans, because of the uncertain payout.

Once you have a fixed deposit and sufficient savings, then consider structured deposits.

Image Credits:

Daniel DionneOutdated ProductionsMary_Gaston_22Orin ZebestWhatsername

Are you considering any structured deposits? Comment and let us know!

Keep updated with all the news!

Tags: ,

Ryan Ong

I was a freelance writer for over a decade, and covered topics from music to super-contagious foot diseases. I took this job because I believe financial news should be accessible and fun to read. Also, because the assignments don't involve shouting teenagers and debilitating plagues.